Portrait of an Egyptian Amarna princess, 19th Dynasty, circa 1340 BC
Pharaoh Amenhotep IV ruled the New Kingdom from 1353 to 1336 BC. He soon rename himself Akhenaten and founded a new capital Akhetaten (the current El Amarna) where he ceased to be polytheistic and started to solely worship Aten, the solar disk. In art history, Akhenaten is important because he had the first, life-like, naturalistic portraits make at the workshop led by the master sculptor Thutmose. Until that time, only static, idealizing portraiture had existed. Many unfinished statues were found during the excavation of Thutmose's workshop in 1912, including three wonderful portraits of Akhenaten's daughters and his wife Nefertiti. The hollows where the eyebrows should be were to be inlaid with semi-precious stones. The remarkably long skulls could indicate a hereditary physical deformity, but could also have been caused by the binding of the infants' skulls. However, it could also perhaps be an artistic exaggeration of contemporary beauty ideals.