The oldest known culture in the West of Mexico is the Chupicuaro (named after the archaeological site in the Lima basin). Only a few ruins and stone utensils remained from the society. The many skulls and beheaded skeletons tell us that is was not a very peaceful society. However, the ceramic tradition of the Chupicuaro is one of the best known of Central America.
Most of the famous three-colored pottery is found in graves. It consists of geometrically decorated vases and vessels in all forms, but also of animal and human figurines that are decorated in a similar way. Normally, female figurines are usually extremely broad-hipped, probably as a symbol of fertility. We know from related cultures that they are also associated with the fertility of the earth and the changing of the seasons.